Nowadays, ASP is running two projects in El Agustino district, Lima and will start on September two other projects: “Recrear la Convivencia” (“Recreate Coexistence”) in Huaycán, Ate, Lima; and “Escuela – Comunidad” (“School – Community”) in Ayaviri, Puno.
In these new projects the challenge is big strengthening capacities in order to improve educational management that will allow raising learning indicators, school coexistence and students’ role in all school processes. Each project has its own identity and challenges; also each project has the same solidarity spirit and conviction that are generating the necessary conditions to overcome poverty from a weave of solidarity and a continent model that is more conscious, just and fraternal.
Some references on where our new projects are:
Huaycán, is a self-managed urban community, created in 1984 to shelter the displaced families from different regions of the country, mainly of the Andean area, who are mobilized until today, seeking for better life conditions. It is a town that fought in order to achieve its consolidation, also in the early 90’s it was the focus of political violence. Today political violence has ceased but its social problem is mainly, domestic violence and gangs.
The basic education has improved in recent years (1): 89.10% from 5 to 18 years old goes to school, and 94.43% is its educational achievement, however, only 12, 5% of the population has access to higher education and 8% of Huaycán population is illiterate. Also, a 2012 study (2) indicates that of the 480 cases treated at the Women’s Emergency Centre of the Peruvian Department of Women and Vulnerable Populations (MIMPV), 66 were cases of child abuse and 54 of these were specifically sexual violence. The challenge is big: strengthen the prevention and treatment of violence towards children and young people of the school Fe y Alegría #53, promoting a healthy school environment.
On the other hand there is Ayaviri, a village located in the Altiplano at 3,918 meters above sea level, near Lake Titicaca, in Puno. Its people speak Quechua, although Spanish is commonly used. It is the capital of the province of Melgar and is a cattle and farming village.
The poverty rate in Ayaviri is between 58% and 66% (3); and overall 91 of the 993 poorest districts of Peru are in Puno.
According to the evaluation ECE2012 organized by the Ministry of Education (4), Ayaviri is at the last place on reading comprehension and for this reason Ayaviri’s authorities and the general population are committed to strengthening the quality of education.
The data show an improvement of education in Puno region: 96% of the population have been to school from 5 to 16 years, however, only 43.5% of the population aged 17-19 have completed secondary school within a reasonable time; the number of youth who achieves this goal is estimated at 40,000.
Less than 7% of students that are finishing primary school in Puno has achieved the expected performance in Integrated Communication and less than 5% have achieved the level of proficiency in logical-mathematical (5).
The challenge is big and therefore our commitment to meet, to network and to create partnership is big. As Eduardo Galeano once said: “Many small people in small places doing small things, can change the world”.
Ze Vicentello García
Director of Cooperation – América Solidaria Perú
(1) ESSALUD – HUAYCÁN Red Asistencial Almenara Análisis de Situación– 2010 http://es.slideshare.net/milvar/new-analisis-de-situacin-de-salud-del-cap-iii-huaycan-2010-new
(2) Centro de Emergencia Mujer de Huaycán – MIMP 2012
(3) Ministerio de Economía y Finanzas – Perú. Mapa de la pobreza 2013 –En: https://www.mef.gob.pe/contenidos/inv_publica/docs/boletines/boletines_pi/boletin1/boletin_1_articulo_especial.pdf
(4) Ministerio de Educación – Perú. Evaluación Censal de Estudiantes – ECE del MINEDU – Resultados De Cada Dirección Regional De Educación(DRE)En:http://sistemas02.minedu.gob.pe/consulta_ece/publico/index.php
(5) Gobierno Regional De Puno, Dirección Regional De Educación, Consejo Participativo Regional. Proyecto Educativo Regional 2006 – 2015 pp17 En: http://www.cne.gob.pe/images/stories/per/PER_Puno.pdf